For young girls and women, ADHD will often go undiagnosed and untreated for many years due to symptoms generally being less hyperactive than young boys and men. Hyperactive symptoms are much more obvious during childhood and hence why boys are more likely to be diagnosed and treated for the condition.
People with IBS often suffer from anxiety, depression and especially generalised anxiety disorder (GAD) and research suggests that between 60 and 90 percent of people who suffer from IBS have an untreated underlying psychiatric disorder.
Before Generalised Anxiety Disorder (GAD) can be treated, it must be diagnosed and research suggests that people with GAD are not always diagnosed or the symptoms are masked by use of alcohol.
Generalised Anxiety Disorder (GAD) is a long-term condition that causes excessive worry about a wide range of situations, rather than one specific event. Many people with GAD anticipate a disaster is going to happen and may be overly concerned about money, health, family and work.
A very interesting article in the British Journal of Psychiatry (2016) 209,393-399 suggests that lithium inhibits glycogen synthase kinase-3 which is an enzyme involved in the pathogenesis of cancer. The article concluded that lithium is associated with reduced overall cancer risk in patients with bipolar disorder
Bipolar disorder symptoms are often described as extreme mood swings. These mood swings range from extreme highs (or mania) to extreme lows (or depression). Episodes of mania and depression can often last for several weeks or months.
Treatments for bipolar disorder aim to stop or reduce the number and severity of depression and mania episodes suffered. A successful treatment plan will mean a person can live life as normally as possible.
As part of a treatment plan for bipolar disorder, different types of medication are prescribed for episodes of mania and episodes of depression. Many people need to take medication on a regular basis, even between episodes when they are well, to help prevent a possible bipolar relapse. Medication prescribed for long-term treatment is called 'prophylactic' medication.
Trials have found that lithium not only prevents mood episodes and manic episodes but also prevents depressive episodes.
Recently published guidelines by the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (The NICE) suggest offering lithium as a first line treatment of bipolar disorder as it is usually more effective than any other type of medication for long-term treatment of the bipolar disorder.
If you would like to discuss a possible treatment plan for Bipolar Disorder, please call 0207 299 0375 or fill in our enquiry form on our Contact page.
Kessing and colleagues have published details of an interesting study in the British Journal of Psychiatry (September 2014) which looks at when preventative treatment should be started in Bipolar Disorder. Their study suggests that starting lithium early is associated with increased probability of lithium response.
An interesting article by Howes and colleagues in the British Journal of Psychiayry 2014 discusses the increasing evidence that dopamine may not be implicated in the pathogenesis in all forms of schizophrenia. This may explain why some anti-psychotic medications have poor efficacy in clients where other neurotransmitters such as glutamate may be of more importance than dopamine